Mood Disorders: What To Know

Mood Disorders What To Know
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If you are experiencing changes in mood and have concerns about your mental health, please consult a medical professional. Mood disorders impact the way people think, feel, and act on a daily basis. While the symptoms of these illnesses can vary greatly, they all have one thing in common: they are severe disturbances that cause significant distress and major challenges in dealing with life’s day-to-day activities. These affective disorders are highly treatable and those affected can recover to live full, healthy lives. What is Mood disorder and How common are mood disorders- Let us have an idea.

Mood disorders

Mood disorders are mental health conditions that affect the way you feel, think and act. They may include depression, bipolar disorder (manic depression), anxiety disorders, and eating disorders.

These mood disorders can be treated with medications or therapy and lifestyle changes. They’re not a character flaw or weakness—you didn’t cause them, but you can take steps to manage the symptoms so that they don’t interfere with your life. Symptoms of mood disorders are various.

Types of moods

  • Depression: A persistent feeling of sadness and despair, accompanied by feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, and guilt. The symptoms can also include fatigue, difficulty concentrating and thinking clearly, changes in appetite or sleeping habits (hypersomnia/insomnia), loss of interest in activities you used to enjoy doing (anhedonia), and thoughts of death or suicide.
  • Hypomania: An elevated mood with milder symptoms than those seen with full mania but still severe enough to cause major disruptions at home or work and trouble functioning.
  • Mania: A manic episode is one that’s so severe it interferes with daily life for at least one week; other people may notice the change in behavior immediately. Symptoms include inflated self-esteem (you feel better than everyone else); an inability to sit still; talking very fast about a lot of things; taking risks—like gambling money away from your savings account—without considering the consequences; being irritable or angry outbursts when something doesn’t go your way; racing thoughts that are difficult to control (inability to concentrate); spending sprees; sleeplessness due to overactivity during the day followed by exhaustion at night; increased sexual drive/sexual promiscuity without concern for the consequences of engaging in risky behaviors such as unprotected sex while under the influence of drugs used recreationally (cocaine).


Depression is a serious medical illness. It’s not a sign of weakness or a character flaw, nor is it evidence of a lack of faith. Depression is a mood disorder that can have lasting consequences if left untreated.

If you’re experiencing symptoms of depression, seek help from your primary care physician or local mental health professional.

Symptoms of mood disorder

  • Depression is a mood disorder that can cause a person to feel sad and hopeless.
  • Anxiety is an overwhelming sense of fear and worry about something that might happen in the future.
  • Mood swings are periods of extreme highs and lows that can last from minutes to days.
  • Irritability includes feeling angry or annoyed for no reason, being unable to control your temper, and being easily frustrated.
  • Fatigue is extreme tiredness and exhaustion during normal activities. It’s often combined with other symptoms like insomnia (trouble sleeping), loss of appetite, and difficulty concentrating on tasks at home or work that were previously done without effort or thought required (for example you had fun doing them). These symptoms may make it hard for someone with depression to get out of bed each morning because they feel so tired all day long!  This can lead people who struggle with this type of depression not only to feel guilty about not going out more often but also fearing for their jobs if anyone finds out what’s going on inside their heads all day long!

Causes of mood disorder

  • Genes seem to play a role in mood disorders, but only one or two of these genes have been identified so far.
  • The environment you live in can affect your mood, either positively or negatively. For example, if you are surrounded by people who are supportive and understanding when you’re having a bad day, that’s likely to make you feel better than being around someone who doesn’t care about your feelings.
  • Hormonal changes (e.g., the menstrual cycle). Hormonal changes can affect your mood in many ways—for example, having menstrual cramps can make it difficult for some women to concentrate at work on days when they’re menstruating; other women may feel more irritable during ovulation than at other times of the month; still, others may experience premenstrual syndrome (PMS) before their period starts every month.
  • Stressors such as unemployment and financial problems also contribute significantly to depression and anxiety disorders among Americans today.

Treatment of mood disorders

Treatment for mood disorders varies, depending on the kind of disorder you have. It can include:

  • Medication – prescribed by a doctor or psychiatrist
  • Psychotherapy – also called talk therapy; involves talking to a therapist about your thoughts and feelings
  • Lifestyle changes, such as exercising regularly and getting enough sleep, eating healthy foods, and avoiding alcohol or other substances that could aggravate your symptoms
  • Relaxation techniques, such as meditation or yoga.

Mood disorders are severe disturbances in a person’s state of mind that significantly affect the way they feel, think, and act on a daily basis.

Mood disorders are mental illnesses that are characterized by changes in mood. They can affect your ability to function at work, school, and at home. Mood disorders can be treated with medication, therapy, or both.

Mood disorders include:

  • Major depressive disorder (also known as clinical depression)
  • Bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression)
  • Anxiety disorder (including obsessive-compulsive disorder)


We hope this post has given you a better understanding of what causes mood disorders and how they can be treated. At the end of the day, remember that everyone experiences emotions differently, which means there is no ‘one size fits all’ approach to treatment. If you’re worried about your own mental health or that of a loved one, don’t hesitate to reach out for help from a good doctor.


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