Dementia is a term that describes a wide range of symptoms that can affect your memory, thinking and behavior. The symptoms of dementia often occur gradually over time and vary from person to person. The most common types of dementia are Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia and mixed dementia. However, there are many other causes of memory loss. In this article we look at what are the symptoms of dementia and how they progress over time (or not).
What is Dementia? Know the symptoms of Dementia
Dementia is a group of symptoms that affect a person’s ability to remember, think and reason. There are many types of dementia.
Dementia is not a normal part of aging. It can happen at any age and often comes on quickly. You or your loved one may start experiencing memory loss that gets worse over time, or new problems with reasoning or thinking clearly. This can make it hard for them to complete daily tasks like paying bills or remembering to pick up groceries on the way home from work—and eventually do everyday things on their own at all. There are some common causes of dementia, you just need to find them.
Memory loss – symptoms of dementia?
Memory loss is one of the most common symptoms of dementia and can occur in any form. Memory loss can be partial, where you remember some but not all of an event (for example, you might remember seeing your doctor last week but not what they said to you), or total, where you remember nothing at all. It also can be short term (where your memory lasts no more than a few minutes), long term (where it lasts longer than 30 minutes), specific (which means that only certain memories are affected), or general (which means that all your memories are affected).
Memory loss can affect either just one area of the brain or many areas at once. Some people may experience mild memory problems while others experience severe ones that make their lives difficult on a daily basis.
Difficulty communicating or finding words
- Difficulty finding words: You may have a hard time finding the right word to use, or you may not be able to name objects. This can make it difficult for you to communicate, especially if you’re trying to express your thoughts.
- Difficulty communicating: You may experience trouble with social interactions, such as recognizing the faces and voices of people close to you or participating in conversations. If this happens, it could make it harder for others around you to understand the ongoing situation in your life; they might think something else is wrong with them when really their loved one just has dementia.
- Difficulty expressing thoughts: Your loved one might have trouble expressing their thoughts verbally or writing down what they want people around them (like family) to know about them and how they feel about things happening around them like changes of plans due to illness etc., which makes it hard for others who care about him/her understand the going condition inside his/her mind.
Difficulty reasoning or problem-solving
- Inability to understand the consequences of actions. If you have dementia, you may not recognize that taking an action can create a problem. For example, if you are driving and want to turn left at an intersection but there is no left turn signal or lane markings, you might not realize that turning left could be hazardous. You might also find yourself unable to see alternate solutions for problems and stick with old ways of doing things even when they are ineffective or unsuccessful.
- Difficulties solving problems
- Some people with dementia find it difficult to solve everyday problems such as navigating traffic on the way home from work, buying groceries at the supermarket and preparing meals for themselves or others in their care.
Difficulty with planning and organizing
- Difficulty with time management may be the symptoms of Dementia. You may have trouble keeping track of appointments or managing your own time.
- Difficulty with budgeting. You may have difficulty making sound financial decisions, such as balancing a checkbook or following through on long-term plans like saving for retirement or college costs for children.
- Difficulty with organizing work tasks. You may feel that you are doing less than you used to at work and need help getting things done on time, despite being able to handle smaller tasks independently (e.g., writing emails).
- Difficulty with organizing household tasks. You may have trouble taking care of basic household responsibilities such as paying bills, cleaning up after meals, and doing laundry (although you might still enjoy gardening).
- Difficulty with organizing social activities: People affected by dementia may find it difficult to plan social events and outings because they can no longer anticipate how much they will enjoy something before participating in it (e.g., going out dancing). This can lead them to avoid planning social gatherings altogether rather than being uncomfortable when attending one where they lack familiarity with what’s expected from them in terms of participation level or activity choice.”
Difficulty with visual and spatial abilities- symptoms of dementia getting worse?
Here are some common symptoms to watch out for:
- Difficulty with directions. You may have trouble orienting yourself in new environments, such as when driving or walking in a new area.
- Trouble remembering things that just happened. Short-term memory loss is often one of the first signs of dementia, which can make it hard to remember what you did or where you went only minutes ago.
- Difficulty learning new things — including what’s called “procedural memory,” which is how we learn how to do things like brush our teeth or drive a car — can be another sign of dementia; this type of memory is linked closely with frontal lobe damage caused by Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. As an example: say someone needs help remembering how to use their smartphone; eventually, they’ll likely become frustrated and give up trying until someone else shows them again (or until they figure it out on their own).
Difficulty handling complex tasks
In order to help your loved one, it’s important that you understand the symptoms of dementia. The following are some common problems faced by people with dementia:
- Difficulty handling complex tasks. A person with dementia may have trouble completing a task that requires multiple steps, such as writing a letter or paying bills. They might also have difficulty handling tasks that require a lot of concentration and focus, such as balancing their checkbook or making dinner.
- Difficulty remembering appointments and conversations at home or work (for example: an older adult who forgets the name of someone they’ve met before).
The risk factors for dementia include age and family history. Some people have a higher risk because of the health conditions they have. These include:
Age – the risk of developing dementia increases as you get older. The average age of onset is 72 years old. However, it can happen earlier or later than this age. A brain in
Genetics – if your parent or sibling has Alzheimer’s disease, you may have an increased risk of developing dementia later in life. About 20% of people who develop dementia have a family history of the disease.
Conclusion and treatment of dementia
Dementia is a chronic, degenerative disease of the brain that causes forgetfulness and other cognitive symptoms. The most common type is Alzheimer’s disease, which can be diagnosed by performing a physical exam and mental status test. Symptoms of dementia include memory loss, confusion, difficulty completing tasks, difficulty speaking and understanding others’ speech, personality changes, and decreased reasoning skills. In general, a diagnosis of dementia requires at least two of these symptoms to be present consistently for six months or longer.
If you or a loved one are experiencing early signs of dementia, it’s important to get an accurate diagnosis. A skilled doctor can determine whether the symptoms are caused by dementia and how severe they are. With early detection, there are treatments that can help slow down the disease process and improve the quality of life for people with Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia. You must consult a good doctor to know about the seven stages of Dementia.